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Cree Nation Response to Indian Residential Schools

JUNE 14, 2021

This morning, leadership from the Cree Nation Government, Cree Nation of Chisasibi, Cree Board of Health and Social Services of James Bay, and Cree School Board have presented their position on the fight against the legacy of damage caused by the Indian Residential School experience in Canada.

Grand Chief Dr Abel Bosum (Cree Nation Government), Chief Daisy House (Cree Nation of Chisasibi), Bertie Wapachee (Cree Board of Health and Social Services of James Bay) and Sarah Pashagumskum (Cree School Board) representatives of the Cree leadership in Quebec expressed the demands for the action of the Cree Nation. These actions are aimed at governments and organizations to support the healing of the deep scars caused by the written or systemic assimilation policies that they supported in the past or tolerate today.

These actions, detailed in the pages below, include the following:


  • Acknowledge the genocide, the intergenerational trauma, and systemic racism.
  • Undertake pedagogical review to ensure that all learn of the important contributions of Indigenous Peoples as well issues addressed above.
  • Establish an Indian Residential School Museum in Montreal and Québec City.


  • Upon request, assist local groups formed to respond to the needs of former students to search and document the residential school sites such as Fort George Island.
  • Include Indigenous governments in any legislation which could establish public archives of Indigenous persons missing or deceased in any context.


  • Prioritize land-based traditional treatment facilities and resources.
  • Invest in the development of local health care capacity, in particular mental health.

The current crisis requires more than actions by one group or another, it requires more than calls to action, it requires personal commitment and the assumption of responsibility at all levels of Government. It is for this reason that this Press Release is accompanied with personal correspondence to establish agendas and concrete actions to:

  • Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada
  • François Legault, Premier of Québec
  • Marc Miller, Minister of Indigenous Services
  • Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Crown–Indigenous Relations
  • David Lametti, Minister of Justice
  • Christian Dubé, Minister of Health and Social Services
  • Geneviève Guilbault, Minister of Public Safety
  • Ian Lafrenière, Minister Responsible for Indigenous Affairs
  • Jean-François Roberge, Minister of Education
  • Simon Jolin-Barrette, Minister of Justice
  • Valérie Plante, Mayor of Montreal
  • Régis Labeaume, Mayor of Quebec City
  • President of Professional Orders
  • Church Leaders
  • Perry Bellegarde, Assembly of First Nations
  • Ghislain Picard, Assembly of First Nations Quebec-Labrador

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Can justice in Kamloops come through the International Criminal Court? – IRPP

A request for an ICC investigation is appealing for some, but the risk is that it brings distraction and false hope.

Earlier this month, a small group of Canadian lawyers submitted to the incoming chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) a request that he open a preliminary examination on a proprio motu (one’s own initiative) basis of the unmarked graves of 215 Indigenous students of the now closed Kamloops Indian Residential School in British Columbia.

On the face of it, the news of the request put to Karim Khan is quite appealing to some and seemingly absurd to others. Reflecting the frustration that many Canadians feel with the slow uptake and follow-through of the recommendations made by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in 2015, the request to the ICC seems to demand attention and external pressure, possibly even external intervention to hold guilty parties to account for the horrendous treatment of vulnerable children and their families. To those who know more than the average citizen about the ICC, the request may seem detached from reality and the situation seems initially obviously beyond the jurisdiction of the court.

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MCK: State of Emergency set to expire on June 21st

(Kahnawake – 14, Ohiarí:ha/June 2021) The Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke is pleased to announce that it has passed a Mohawk Council Executive Directive (‘MCED’) at today’s duly-convened Council meeting that will see the conclusion of the State of Emergency that has been effect in the community since April 21, 2020.

The MCED (‘the Declaration of Recovery Phase of the Pandemic’) was passed by consensus this morning after the Kahnawà:ke COVID-19 Task Force (‘Task Force’) determined that the situation had progressed to the point where it was comfortable to make the change. There is now a clear path to the return to normalcy.

In accordance with the Kahnawà:ke Emergency Preparedness Law (‘the Law’), after a State of Emergency ends there is an automatic move into a Recovery Phase, which could be up to a period of 120 days and subject to extension should it be deemed necessary. This Declaration will mark a major changing point in the pandemic, and will help provide a seamless transition into the recovery phase with clear lines of authority and responsibility.

With the conclusion of the State of Emergency on Monday, June 21st, the Mandate of the Task Force will also expire. The authorities granted by the Law will establish the Mandate to be carried out by the Commissioner of Public Safety, in order to maintain consistency and direction. The KMHC Public Health team and the Public Safety Commission will continue to monitor the situation, and modify directives and measures accordingly.

The MCK wishes to thank the Task Force and all front line workers for the countless hours and hard work in the difficult battle to keep the community safe. We have been fortunate to have had no loss of life due to COVID-19 during the pandemic despite the fact that Quebec and, especially, Montreal were particularly hard hit by the virus. Kahnawa’kehró:non should be commended for our collective efforts to keep our elders and vulnerable population safe.

Please be reminded that the virus still exists, so we must remain vigilant in our efforts to keep it at bay.


Media Inquiries:
Joe Delaronde

Political Press Attaché 450- 632-7500 ext 63251 [email protected]


MCK becomes strategic partner to Hydro-Québec on energy transmission initiative to supply power to New York City

(Kahnawake – 14 Ohiarí:ha/June 2021) The Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke (“MCK”) is pleased to announce that it has reached a Memorandum of Understanding (“MOU”) with Hydro-Québec to partner on the Hertel-New York Interconnection Project to transmit green renewable energy to New York City in the event that Hydro-Québec wins the energy supply contract. This is a historic achievement for both Kahnawà:ke and Hydro-Québec: the first shared ownership agreement for an export transmission line.

The MCK will become joint owners of a 400-kV underground transmission line that will run from the Hertel substation in La Prairie to the US border – where it will connect with the Champlain Hudson Power Express, a line which will be built between the Canadian border and Astoria, Queens, New York.

Per the MOU, the MCK will support the construction of the line and the project and will benefit from the revenues over a 40-year term. Please note that a number of issues remain to be negotiated and discussed before the parties sign definitive agreements if Hydro-Québec wins the bid.

As the line will be constructed on Seigneury of Sault St. Louis lands, it was important for the MCK to forge a strategic partnership with Hydro-Québec. As the Hertel Line will be carrying a renewable source of energy which will help decarbonize New York City – a city which Mohawk iron workers helped build – this project meets MCK’s objectives of investing in environmentally sustainable projects.

This is a major accomplishment for Kahnawà:ke and a great step forward for Hydro-Québec in its relationship with the community, which exemplifies what it means to be a good corporate citizen. This project demonstrates that collaborating with an Indigenous community can prove to be mutually beneficial for industry and Indigenous communities alike. With the impact of COVID-19 on community funds, this project will help stabilize the community balance sheet and will help Kahnawà:ke become increasingly self-sufficient, which is a key to self-reliance.

Further developments on the project and partnership with Hydro-Québec will be announced as they become available.


Media Inquiries:

Joe Delaronde
Political Press Attaché
450- 632-7500 ext 63251
[email protected]


Le Conseil Mohawk de Kahnawà:ke devient partenaire stratégique d’Hydro-Québec dans le cadre d’une initiative de transport d’énergie pour alimenter la ville de New York

(Kahnawake – 14 Ohiarí:ha/ juin 2021) Le Conseil Mohawk de Kahnawà:ke (”CMK”) est heureux d’annoncer qu’il a conclu un Protocole d’entente (“PE”) avec Hydro-Québec pour s’associer dans le cadre du projet d’interconnexion Hertel-New York visant à transmettre de l’énergie renouvelable à la ville de New York dans l’éventualité où Hydro-Québec remporterait le contrat d’approvisionnement en énergie. Il s’agit d’une réalisation historique pour Kahnawà:ke et Hydro-Québec : c’est le premier partenariat visant une ligne de transport dédiée à l’exportation.

Le CMK deviendra copropriétaire d’une ligne de transport d’electricité souterraine de 400 kV à partir du poste situé Hertel à La Prairie jusqu’à la frontière américaine – où il se connectera avec la ligne Champlain Hudson Power Express qui, elle, sera construite entre la frontière canado-américaine et Astoria, Queens, New York.

Selon le PE, le CMK soutiendra la construction de la ligne et le projet et bénéficiera des revenus provenant du projet sur une durée de 40 ans. Veuillez noter qu’un certain nombre de questions restent à négocier et à discuter avant que les parties ne signent des accords définitifs si Hydro-Québec remporte le contrat d’approvisionnement.

Considérant que la ligne sera construite dans la Seigneurie de Sault-Saint-Louis et sur les terres des Mohawks, il était important pour le CMK de former un partenariat stratégique avec Hydro-Québec. Comme la ligne Hertel transportera une source d’énergie renouvelable qui aidera à décarboner la Ville de New York – une ville, d’ailleurs, que les ferronniers Mohawks ont aidé à bâtir – ce projet répond aux objectifs du CMK d’investir dans des projets durables sur le plan environnemental.

Il s’agit d’un accomplissement majeur pour Kahnawà:ke et d’un grand pas en avant pour Hydro-Québec dans sa relation avec la communauté, qui illustre ce que signifie être un bon citoyen corporatif. Ce projet démontre que la collaboration avec une communauté autochtone peut s’avérer mutuellement bénéfique pour des corporations et les communautés autochtones. Avec l’impact de la COVID-19 sur les fonds communautaires, ce projet contribuera à stabiliser le bilan financier de la communauté et aidera Kahnawà:ke à devenir de plus en plus autosuffisante.

D’autres développements sur le projet et le partenariat avec Hydro-Québec seront annoncés dès qu’ils seront disponibles.


Demandes de Renseignements des Médias:

Joe Delaronde

Attaché de Presse
450-632-7500 poste
[email protected]


Champlain Hudson Power Express – A Partnership between the Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke and Hydro-Québec

Kahnawà:ke and Montréal, 14 June, 2021 – A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between the Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke and Hydro-Québec, laying the foundations for a unique partnership concerning the Hertel-New York transmission line to be constructed in Québec that will connect with the Champlain Hudson Power Express on the New York side of the border. This new transmission line will be used to deliver clean Québec hydropower into the heart of New York City, where over 90% of electricity generation comes from burning fossil fuels.

Upon conclusion of a definitive agreement between Hydro-Québec and the New York State Energy Research Authority (NYSERDA), and once the Hertel – New York line will be commissioned, the Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke will become joint owners of the line in Québec, thus securing economic benefits for the community over a 40 year term.

A new partnership and a great precedent for future agreements

With every agreement reached with Indigenous communities over the past decades, Hydro-Québec has sought to innovate in its cooperation initiatives. A partnership like the one with the Mohawk community is the first of its kind for Hydro-Québec export transmission infrastructure.

“We sincerely hope that this will be but the first of many such productive partnerships, said Sophie Brochu, President and CEO of Hydro-Québec. Indigenous communities are our partners, and as such, the transmission interconnection project with New York, by virtue of its location and purpose, offers us a special opportunity to fulfill this vision.”

Joe Delaronde, spokesperson for the Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke stated, “the agreement demonstrates that Kahnawà:ke is open for business and can partner with industry and play an important role in the realization of large projects. Furthermore, this is a great step forward for Hydro-Québec in its relations with the community.”

Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke press statement: MCK becomes strategic partner to Hydro-Québec on energy transmission initiative to supply power to New York City

Discussions had taken place over the past few years between Hydro-Québec and the Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke, representing the community of Kahnawà:ke, which is located near the starting point of the Québec Line. In the summer of 2019, Grand Chief of the Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke, the late Joseph Tokwiro Norton, expressed the will of his community to launch further discussions and possibly even to partner with Hydro-Québec in the Hertel-New York interconnection project. Hydro-Québec is proud of the historic step taken with his community.

About the Hertel – New York, Champlain Hudson Power Express and the NYSERDA process

Hydro-Québec has partnered with Transmission Developers Inc. to develop the Champlain Hudson Power Express (CHPE). On May 12th 2021, the companies submitted proposals in response to the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority’s (NYSERDA) Tier 4 renewable energy procurement process. Project selection will be announced in the 3rd quarter 2021.

These proposals would supply New York City with up to 1,250 MW of renewable power — enough electricity for more than 1.2 million homes. This clean power influx will reduce carbon emissions by approximately 3.9 million metric tons annually, equivalent to removing 44% of cars from New York City streets.

The Hertel–New York interconnection project involves the construction of an approximately 60-km long, 400-kV underground direct-current (DC) line between Hertel substation in La Prairie and the Canada–United States border. The new line will connect to the CHPE, an underground and underwater DC line between the Canada–U.S. border and New York City, a distance of roughly 545 km. The CHPE has obtained all the required U.S. approvals.

Media Relations:

Lynn St-Laurent, Hydro-Québec spokesperson
514-358-5218 / 514-289-5005
[email protected]

Joe Delaronde, Political Press Attaché
Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke
450-632-7500 ext 2251
[email protected]


Why the first river in Canada to become a legal person signals a boon for Indigenous Rights – The Narwal

The Muteshekau Shipu (Magpie River) runs nearly 300 kilometres in Québec’s Côte-Nord region. The river is culturally significant for the Innu and it is popular with white water paddlers and rafters.

Despite efforts to protect the river, Muteshekau Shipu continues to be threatened by potential new hydroelectric dam development. But, in February, the Innu Council of Ekuanitshit and the Minganie Regional County Municipality declared the Muteshekau Shipu (Magpie River) a legal person, a move that may provide greater certainty for this majestic river’s future.

While a first in Canada, granting legal personhood to natural entities is part of a global movement to recognize the rights of nature in law. Indigenous communities around the world are leading the way in upholding the rights of sacred and ancestral rivers, forests and mountains.

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A New Tool for Current and Future Entrepreneurs in Nunavik

Kuujjuaq, Nunavik (June 11, 2021) – The Kativik Regional Government (KRG), Kativik Ilisarniliriniq (KI) and the École des entrepreneurs du Québec collaborated to produce a free training tool that will help new entrepreneurs gain insight to starting a business.

In total, 17 seminars were created by the KRG Regional and Local Development Department (RLDD) and its partners. The seminars are tailored to suit the needs of new business operators, Nunavimmiut wishing to start their own business, or entrepreneurs interested in a training they can do at their own pace.

As a result of work started in 2019 and coordinated by the RLDD, these seminars are now available at no cost at the KRG head office in Kuujjuaq and in other communities via the local employment officers (LEO). To increase access for Nunavimmiut interested in learning at a distance, these seminars are also available on USB keys that users can be request at their local employment office.

The 17 seminars cover topics such as: the traits of an entrepreneur, tools to confirm your business idea, legal aspects of owning a business, sales taxes, marketing tools and promotion strategies.

“This successful partnership has provided a solid basis on which Kativik Ilisarniliriniq has been contracted to develop additional tools and specialised seminars, allowing business operators to access expert advice,” said Michael Gordon, Director General of the KRG . This work will be on-going in 2021 and 2022.

“The COVID-19 pandemic has forced us to work differently,” said Dave McMullen, Coordinator of Adult Education and Vocational Training at Kativik Ilisarniliriniq. “As we moved quickly to offer programs online and at a distance, we realized that Nunavimmiut were ready and really interested in these types of trainings. Looking ahead, we intend on maximizing our service offer to allow busy entrepreneurs to learn at their own pace,” he added.

“It’s an immense pleasure for the École des entrepreneurs du Quebec to collaborate with this great partner of us, the Kativik Regional Government, and join forces to foster entrepreneurship in Nunavik. We are glad to put our expertise at work in a spirit of collaboration and accessibility for all the individuals, entrepreneurs-to-be, interested in developing their capacities”, noted Tracey Ann Powers, Vice-President, Operations and Innovation, École des entrepreneurs du Québec.

About us:

The Kativik Regional Government is a non-ethnic public organization created in 1978, under the  James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement. The organization has jurisdiction over nearly the  entire territory of Québec north of the 55th parallel in areas such as municipal matters,  transportation, the environment, policing, employment, labour training, income security, childcare  services, renewable resources, land-use planning, civil security and economic development.

Kativik Ilisarniliriniq, the school board of Nunavik, was created in 1975, under the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA). Since 1978, it has been the exclusive provider of educational services to all Nunavik residents. Under the JBNQA, the school board also acts as an institution with unique powers and jurisdiction geared towards the protection and development of the Inuit language, culture, and way of life, through the delivery of tailored educational services and programs. The education programs developed by the school board are offered in all schools of the 14 Nunavik communities, in Inuktitut as first language and in French and English as second languages. The school board operates 17 primary and secondary schools as well as 6 adult education centres. For more information, visit

For more information:

Adel Yassa
Director, Regional and Local Development Department
Kativik Regional Government
Tel: (819) 964-2961 ext. 2262

Jade Duchesneau-Bernier

Communications Coordinator
Kativik Ilisarniliriniq
[email protected]


Indigenous history on public display must be framed as a living, breathing thing – CBC

Jun 11, 2021

The exhibits I grew up with helped give me the confidence to learn more about myself

I visited Oka National Park one chilly day last November, partially to take in the beautiful Quebec countryside, but also with the hope of learning about some local Indigenous history. What I read on the signage displayed at the park not only disappointed me, but led me to seriously reconsider the importance of sharing history, how it’s done right, how it’s done wrong and how it may reflect the attitude of an entire province.

I’ve always been keen about learning about my surrounding area — from the flora and fauna of the parks in my hometown of Victoria, British Columbia, to the cultural history of where I now live, Montreal. This curiosity has been a part of me since I was young, and it eventually led me to move across the country to study environmental geography at Concordia University.

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Resolute Announces $1/share Special Dividend and $50 million in Lumber Investments

US $

  • Declared special cash dividend of $1.00 per share
  • Announced $50 million in additional lumber projects
  • Reduced debt by $180 million in Q2

MONTRÉAL, June 10, 2021 0.– Resolute Forest Products Inc. (NYSE: RFP) (TSX: RFP) today declared a special cash dividend of $1.00 per share of common stock, payable on July 7 for holders of record at the close of business on June 28. The company also announced additional capital investments of $50 million in its wood products operations to support its continued growth, and it confirmed the repayment of all amounts outstanding under its revolving and term credit facilities, reducing debt by $180 million in the second quarter.

“The cash generated with our lumber platform in these strong lumber markets provides the opportunity to share benefits directly with shareholders,” said Remi G. Lalonde, president and chief executive officer. “We’re also enhancing long-term value by improving our company fundamentals with investments in high-return and quick payback lumber projects in three key regions for Resolute: the Abitibi in Quebec, Northwestern Ontario and the Southeast U.S. What’s more, we’ve removed a material amount of debt from the balance sheet with the further $180 million repayment in Q2, leaving as our only remaining debt the $300 million of unsecured 4.875% senior notes due 2026, and our liquidity stands at around $850 million. As we improve the competitiveness of the strongest parts of our business, today’s announcement will benefit shareholders, employees and a wide range of community and business partners. As demonstrated with this announcement, our intention is to maintain a balanced approach to capital allocation, using our free cash flow to generate value for shareholders and build a stronger company while driving economic activity in the communities where we operate.”

The additional $50 million in wood products investments include:

  • $22 million to modernize equipment at the Senneterre (Quebec) sawmill, which will enhance overall efficiency and productivity of the Abitibi regional operations;
  • $13 million at the Thunder Bay / Fort William First Nation (Ontario) sawmill to increase capacity by up to 40 million board feet with new equipment and modifications to the fiber flow; and
  • $15 million at the Glenwood (Arkansas) and Cross City (Florida) sawmills to support fiber optimization and overall efficiency. The Cross City investment will also increase capacity by up to 20 million board feet.

Each of these projects will serve to generate additional value from Resolute’s wood products segment across market cycles. The improvements at the U.S. sawmills build on the previously announced investments associated with the restart of the El Dorado (Arkansas) sawmill. The company anticipates completing all the projects by the end of the third quarter of 2022. Accordingly, it is raising its 2021 capital investments guidance from $100 million to $125 million.

For further information: Investors, Marianne Limoges, Treasurer and Vice President, Investor Relations, 514 394-2217, [email protected]; Media and Others, Seth Kursman, Vice President, Corporate Communications, Sustainability and Government Affairs, 514 394-2398, [email protected]


Virtual Scarf ceremony celebrates Indigenous graduates, honours victims of Residential Schools – McGill Reporter

June 10, 2021

“It was a beautiful, eloquent day”

Today’s Virtual Scarf Conferral Ceremony was a joyous celebration of the 60 First Nations, Inuit and Métis students who have completed certificates and degree programs at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, from across McGill’s Schools and Faculties.

Graduating students each received ceremonial scarves. Created by Kahnawake-based designer Tammy Beauvais the scarves incorporate symbols important to Indigenous cultures. Red scarves are offered to degree recipients and white ones to diploma and certificate recipients.

“I asked The Creator to spread his energy in the scarf that you will get, to rub his energy in the scarf. When you hang it around your neck it will be rooted in your heart, in your spirit, in your mind,” said Elder Charlie Patton to open the event. “And, as you carry that scarf, that spiritual scarf, in everything you do The Creator will walk with you. And we ask Him to always make sure that in your journey and in your future there are no roots to trip you up, and that you will always have a good mind, good heart, good spirit.”

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